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Governorate of Muscat
Governorate of Dhofar
Governorate of Musandam
Governorate of Al Buraimi
Al Batinah Governorate
Al Dakhiliyah Governorate
Al Sharqiyah Governorate
Al Dhahira Governorate
Al Wusta Governorate
 Al Dakhiliyah Governorate



A drive along the recently completed dual carriageway between the Governorate of Muscat and the Dakhiliyah Governorate offers delightful views of palm groves and desert trees against a backdrop of majestic, high mountains with their peaks wrapped in cloud. Bordering on the Governorate of Muscat to the north, the Wusta Governorate to the south, the Sharqiyah Governorate to the east and the Dhahirah North ,and South  Batinah Governorates to the west, the Dakhiliyah is the Sultanate's strategic hinterland and links Muscat with the other governorates.


The Dakhiliyah Governorate has eight wilayats - Nizwa, Sumail, Bahla, al Hamra, Manah, Adam, lzki and Bidbid. It is rich in economic and natural resources and has numerous tourist attractions including forts, castles, towers, old residential quarters and historic mosques. The Wilayat of Nizwa has a famous and imposing fort, several old mosques and a traditional souq, while Bahla Fort is one of the treasures of the human heritage. Misfah al Abriyeen in the Wilayat of al Hamra is a splendid example of a "hanging village", while the wilayats of Adam, Manah, Izki, Sumail and Bidbid offer the visitor a range of interesting features, both ancient and modem.


To encourage tourism in the Dakhiliyah Governorate the government is developing the al Hootah Cave in the Wilayat of al Hamra, which is truly one of the wonders of nature. The old mountain passes on the slopes of al Jabal al Akhdhar and Jabal Shams have been restored to provide opportunities for trekking and adventure tourism and camps have been set up for tourists and week-end hikers.




Wilayat Nizwa


The Wilayat of Nizwa's ancient city streets and buildings filled with the ghosts of the past contrast with the pretty terraced mountain villages, thickets, orchards and aflaj of its niya-bat of the Jabal al Akhdhar. Nizwa is the capital of the Dakhiliyah and its busy souq, which serves people from all over the region, is both a tourist attraction and a commercial centre.

The Wilayat of Nizwa borders on the wilayats of Adam, Manah and lzki to the south and east and al Hamra and Bahla to the west. From the north it is overlooked by the mountain peaks of the Jabal al Akhdhar. It is 170 Kilometres from the Governo ate of Muscat.Its main features are its huge fort (known as al Shahba'}.



Wilayat Sumail


The Wilayat of Sumail is a natural paradise, a fragrant, shady garden with a lush wadi with cultivated plots along its banks that flows like a river through the middle of it dividing it in two. Wherever the visitor looks he will see date palms. The wilayat is famous for its dates and it has adopted the fardh date palm as its emblem.

The Wilayat of Sumail is almost half way between the Wilayat of Nizwa (75 Kilometres) and the Governorate of Muscat (85 Kilometres). It borders on the Wilayat of Bidbid to the north, the Western Hajar mountain range to the west, the Wilayat of Izki to the south and some outlying villages of the Wilayat of Dima wa'l Ta'een to the east. It has a large number of historic buildings including forts, castles and towers.



Wilayat Bahla

Bahla is one of the oldest towns in the Sultanate. Archaeologists working on an excavation programme in Bisya and al Ghubrah discovered sites dating from the third millennium BC, while an old falaj found at al Ghubrah - in Wadi Bahla - is also believed to date from the third millennium BC.


Bahla Fort is the most famous ancient monument in the wilayat and was the first Omani site to be added to UNESCO's World Cultural Heritage in Danger list in 1988.


Wilayat Adam

The Wilayat of Adam is in the south of the Dakhiliyah Governorate and borders on the wilayats of Bahla, Manah and lzki to the north, Mahawt and Haima to the south, al Mudhaibi to the east and Ibri to the west. It is 234 Kilometres from the Governorate of Muscat . It has a large number of villages and bedouin settlements, as well as green oases, orchards, farms, old mosques, souqs, residential quarters and archaeological sites. Travellers bound for the Wusta Governorate and the Governorate of Dhofar stop off in Adam.


Wilayat Al Hamra

Jabal Shams, the village of Misfah, al Hootah Cave, Hasat bin Salt, Bait al Safa and Bait al Shari'ah are the main tourist attractions in the Wilayat of al Hamra, which lies in the north-western part of the Jabal al Akhdhar range. It borders on the Wilayat of Nizwa to the east and the Wilayat of Bahla to the south. Its inhabitants live in the centre of the wilayat and the villages of al Mensur, al Sahmah, al Qaryah, Dhat Khail, Tawi Saleem, Dar al Khair and al 'Aridh, to name but a few. It is renowned for its wadis, aflaj, gardens and orchards, while the mountain of Jabal Shams, which rises to 12,000 feet above sea level, is its most significant natural feature. It can be reached via the Wadi Ghul road, from which it is possible to see the stone village of Sabt Bani Khamis perched on the edge of a cliff beneath a huge overhanging rock. The slopes of the mountain are covered with buu and nimt (Sageretia spiciflora) trees, junipers, wild olives, milkweed and other plants, and the air is cool and refreshig.


Wilayat Manah

The Wilayat of Manah has several old buildings including forts, towers, mosques and attractive residential quarters. Particularly impressive is the old quarter in the village of Harat al Bilad with its traditional houses, mosques, wells, springs, perimeter wall and other features. Surrounded by date palms, it has been chosen by the University of Liverpool in the United Kingdom as a typical example of Omani architecture.


Wilayat Izki


The Wilayat of Izki has some of the oldest sit4s in the Dakhiliyah Governorate. The remains of buildings and tombs from an ancient civilization thousands of years old, which can be seen on the hilltops neighbouring the village of Zakeet, include a number of small round towers similar to the towers of the Bat culture. The Wilayat of lzki - 130 Kilometres from the Governorate of Muscat - lies beneath the slopes of the mountain massif of the Jabal at Akhdhar, which forms its western border. It borders on the wilayats of Manah and Nizwa to the west and south, Sumail to the north and some villages of the Wilayat of al Mudhaibi to the east. Some of the better-known of its 26 villages include Zakeet, al Qaryatain, Seema, Muqazzah, Qala'at al Awamir, Habl al Hadid, Umtay and Qarut.


Wilayat Bidbid


Bidbid's most striking feature is its flyovers, which provide the only means of access to the main arterial roads which transit the wilayat, and it has adopted them as its emblem. Travellers will also be struck by the palm groves which grow along the banks of the wadi in the village of Fanja and surround the more distant villages of al Amqat and Hamim like puffs of green cloud. The Wilayat of Bidbid has been described as the "smiling mouth" of the Dakhiliyah Governorate and the crossroads between the Governorate of Muscat and the Sharqiyah, Dakhilyah, Dhahirah and Wusta Governorates and the Governorate of Dhofar. Everyone travelling from any of these Governorates to Muscat has to pass over the Fanja flyover, which is a reliable, fast road even during the rainy season. Now that the main dual carriageway has been completed, a second flyover has been built over Wadi Fanja, so that it now has two flyovers.



Tourist Attractions


Nizwa Fort

Nizwa Souq

Masjid Sultan Qaboos

Bahla Castle

Bait Ar-Radaidah

Jabrin Castle

Al-Hoota Cave

Falaj AlKhatmain

Falaj AlMalaki

Falaj Dares

Jabel Akhdar

Jabel Shams


How to get to Dakhiliyah Region


  • The drive to Nizwa , 143 kms from Muscat , takes about two hours.
  • At 117 kms from Muscat lies the village of Birkat Al Mawz.
  • At 136 kms from Muscat is a roundabout where the road to Salalah begins.
  • Bidbid is a small town with a fort, 36 kms along the dual carriageway from the airport.




Other important information



  • The Dakhiliya region creates a link between the coastal region around the capital, Muscat and the interior of the country through Sumail gap.
  • Geographically, the area is distinguished by the Hajar mountain range, from which Jabel Al Akhdar the Green Mountain soars magnificently to 3,000 meters.


Where to Stay







Anantara Al Jabal Al Akhdar




Alila Jabal Akhdar




Golden Tulip Nizwa Hotel




Falaj Daris Hotel




Sahab Hotel




Jabal Akdhar Hotel




Al-Diyar Hotel




Safary Hotel




Majan Guest House




Tanof Guest House




Matan Guest House




Badar A'salam Guest House




Al Manara Guset House




Saih Qutna Hotel Apartment




Rimal Adam Guest House




Heritage village Guest house




Uwayfiyah Guest House




Jabreen Hotel




Al-Hoota Guest House




Jabal Shams Guest House




Jabal Shams Heights Rest House




Noor Majan Camp







Useful Number




Nizwa Police Station

968 25425099

Bahla Police Station

968 25419099

Adam Police Station

968 25434099

Nahida Police Station

968 24384491

Sumail Police Station

968 25350099

Bidbid Police Station

968 25360099

Izki Police Station

968 25340099

Rawdat Alazhar Tourism

968 25443553

Moon Travel

968 25310650

Al Kome Al Akdar Travels

968 25423011

Al Huthaili Travel & Tourism

968 25412005

Ibn Atiq Restaurant

968 25410466


Don’t miss




  • Nizwa Historic capital of the interior, and Oman’s most personable town, with a grand fort, an absorbing string of souks and the country’s most famous goat market.


  • Goat Market, Nizwa One of Oman’s most entertaining traditional markets, where hundreds of locals congregate to haggle over goats, cows and other livestock


  • Jebel Shams Drive up the country’s highest peak, for spectacular mountain scenery and stomach-turning views into Wadi Nakhr – Oman’s “Grand Canyon”.


  • Jabrin Fort Fairy-tale fort, whose beautifully restored interiors offer a fascinating glimpse into Omani life in centuries past.





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